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Home tools Buyer's Guides from tech enthusiast who loves technology and clever solutions for better living.
Home tools Buyer's Guides from tech enthusiast who loves technology and clever solutions for better living.
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Top Of The Best Specialty Candles Reviewed In 2018Last Updated January 1, 2019
№1 – Pet Odor Exterminator Candle, Apple Pumpkin,13 oz
№2 – Biedermann & Sons Set of 4 Sports Theme Birthday Candles, 12 Packages, Baseball
№3 – Maven Gifts: Specialty Pet Products Creamy Vanilla 13 Oz. Pet Odor Exterminator Candle 2-Pack
Basic Burn Test
Trim the wick to a length of ¼” (mm). If you are testing more than one wick, make sure the candles are clearly labeled.
Place the test candles on a clean, flat, heat-resistant surface about 3” to 6” (7.cm to 1cm) apart. Be sure to select a draft-free spot that is in full view of your workspace. Do not leave lit candles unattended.
Light the candles and record the time. It is critical to keep an eye on the candles while they are burning, especially when testing new wicks.
If testing pillar candles, allow them to burn for two hours then record the details of the melt pool and wick appearance. Ideally the melt pool will achieve the desired diameter by this point. If it hasn’t, the wick is most likely too small. Note any soot or mushrooming on the wick.
Allow the candle to burn for another four hours and record the details of the melt pool and wick again before gently blowing out the flame. At this point the melt pool of a well-wicked candle will have achieved the desired diameter and should be approximately ½” (1.cm) deep.
If the wick is mushrooming, the candle is sooting, or the melt pool is substantially deeper than ½” (1.cm), the wick is most likely too large.
Allow the candle to cool for at least five hours and repeat steps 4, 5, and until the candle is completely burned. The quality of burn will almost always change during the entire burning of the candle. Burn the entire candle before deciding on a wick.
Wax from different batches can vary a bit not only in color, but also in behavior. Once the correct wick size is determined, test subsequent batches of wax to make sure that the candle still burns the way it should and if not, make the appropriate changes to the wick size.
Trapped in a car
But these options aren’t available to people living in rented apartments and other housing situations, nor are they available to anyone stuck in an automobile on a snow-paralyzed road. If you’re trapped in your car, running the engine to generate heat is a bad idea for two reasons: one, even starting with a full tank you’ll run out of gas in a few hours, thus leaving you unable to move even when the road eventually clears; and two, if falling or drifting snow or ice blocks your car’s exhaust pipe, you and everyone else in the passenger compartment can quickly die of carbon monoxide poisoning.
Inside one emergency kit: box of wooden matches in waterproof wrapping, and resealable waterproof bag filled with metal-cup tea-light candles. (Staff photo)
Where do you find these items? Paper clips and sandwich bags are obvious. As for metal cans, if you’re a home-brewed coffee drinker who prefers one of the few remaining brands still sold in solid steel containers, your best bet is to save a few of those cans and their lids, after removing any plastic or paper outer labels.
But most coffee companies these days use plastic or metallic-colored cardboard containers – and not everybody drinks coffee anyway. So another possibility is those “gift tins” of the sort that originally come filled with fruitcakes, Danish butter cookies, and other food items traditionally given as gifts because nobody buys them for themselves.
If nobody inflicts such gifts on you, you can scrounge around and often find similar tins selling very inexpensively at thrift stores, flea markets, rummage sales and other secondhand-shopping places. Ideally, you want a metal container wide enough to burn anywhere from three to five tea light candles without them touching one another. A deep-sided container is preferable to a shallow one: if you have a choice between a tall, deep two-pound metal coffee can versus a wide, shallow two-pound metal cookie tin, go with the coffee can.
That said: if you have any such decorative cans or tins which you like for their own sake, because of their colorful painted patterns or possible antique/collectible value, do not use them as emergency space heaters, because there’s a very good chance the heat from the candles will warp or discolor the paint, or otherwise damage the tin’s appearance.
Tea light candles
Tea-light candles can be found anywhere candles are sold, from discount department stores to upscale specialty-candle shops. Obviously, if you’re using candles as an actual heat source, you’ll go through a lot of candles very quickly, and want to buy your fuel as cheaply as possible.
A tea light candle is like a votive candle, only considerably smaller. Tea lights are always sold in individual disposable cups, which are necessary because when the candles burn, the wax liquifies completely and will spill without the cup to hold it in place. Never try to burn a tea light (or a votive) candle unless it’s in a properly sized cup or holder.
The candle flames reflecting off the shiny insides of the cans completely overwhelmed my camera’s brightness function, but here’s two candle-powered space heaters in action. (Staff photo)
The most attractive, and generally most expensive, tea lights are sold in clear or colored glass cups. If you’re looking to buy decorative illumination, it’s easy to see why a glass candle holder is nicer than a cheap metal one. But glass is a poor conductor of heat, so even if you had the chance to buy glass-cup tea lights for the same price as metal-cup tea lights, for emergency-heating purposes you definitely want to stick with metal.
Once in awhile you’ll see tea lights sold in plastic cups – and then, a little while later, you’ll see that those plastic-cup tea lights have been recalled, because the whole point of tea light cups is that they’re supposed to be made of something that won’t melt or burn if it comes in contact with a candle-flame or hot liquid wax. Never buy plastic-cup tea light candles – not for emergency heat, not for decorative accent lighting, not for anything.
Warning: do NOT use antique or decorative tins like these, unless you’re prepared for the candle heat to completely ruin their designs. (Staff photo)
A typical tea light candle will burn for about four hours before running out of wax. I confirmed this multiple times during the winter of 2011, when I lived in Connecticut and half the state lost power for up to two weeks after a monster blizzard pounded the area. (I was relatively lucky, though; I only lost power for six days.)
I couldn’t afford to stay in a hotel for the duration and did not want to sleep in the emergency shelter the city set up in the middle-school gym. Luckily, I was able to get the temperature in my apartment up to 6degrees at night, even as outdoor temperatures dropped into the low 20s, by closing off the bedroom doors and burning anywhere from 30 to 50 candles at a time in the common areas, divided among a dozen or so empty coffee cans, gift tins and chafing trays strategically placed on appliances, counter tops and other fireproof surfaces around the apartment.
So tea light candles should be easy to find, especially if you buy them before you need them. Matches are even easier – although for emergency car heating kits, a box of wooden safety matches is better to have than a book of paper matches, because if your fingers are stiff and clumsy with cold, wooden matches are much easier to handle and light.
Car heating kit
Though a basic car heating kit can be made simply from matches, candles and a fireproof metal can to store and burn them in, you should also consider, at least during the winter months, keeping some other emergency cold supplies in your car — not just the ability to generate heat, but the even more vital ability for you and any passengers to retain your own body heat.
Even if space in your car is at a premium, you should be able to stash a bag containing some basic winter clothing accessories: for every passenger your car typically carries, you keep on hand one warm hat that can be pulled down low enough to completely cover the ears; a pair of insulated waterproof gloves or mittens; a pair of winter or ski socks, and a scarf long and wide enough to cover not just your neck, but also the bottom part of your face.
These items require very little space to store. If you have space, you should also consider keeping sweaters and blankets in your car — if you have to shelter there in below-freezing temperatures, a candle heater can help keep you warm, but it can’t do the job on its own.
Find Sources Of Sales
Before you start a candle making business, you have to know where and how you are going to sell. So figure out how you are going to do find your customers before you have a stock ready in hand. Remember, most of the small businesses start with sales to family and friends. While you are at it, also look in to your sources of supplies. This is something that has a direct impact on the cost of your candle and therefore on the bottom-line profit margin.
After spending over 60 hours researching Christmas lights, interviewing experts, and testing 20 strands of lights side by side, we’ve found that GE’s Energy Smart Colorite LED Miniature Lights (available in multicolor strands of 50 bulbs or 100 bulbs and in warm white strands of 50 bulbs or 100 bulbs) are the best all-around indoor Christmas lights. This is the third year we’ve named these GE lights as our pick, and we can’t find any lights that match their color quality and their ready availability at Home Depot.
We’re working on an update for the holiday season, and we plan to add our thoughts on smartphone-app light sets such as Home Depot’s AppLights. For now, we’re confident that our current picks, all of which are currently in stock, remain the best lights for most people.
How we picked and tested
We concentrated our research and testing strictly on nonblinking miniature lights, the traditional, small, stranded Christmas lights with a clear or semiclear bulb and a candle shape.
An article at DIY Network says that even though larger bulbs are growing in popularity, “mini lights have been by far the most popular during the past decade.” They’re the standard, and we wanted to focus on the lights that most people will be using, rather than those with a lesser following. Still, we do have some thoughts on the larger-bulb lights, and on other bulb sizes that didn’t make the cut. During our research, we also found that blinking lights are a very small minority of available lights, so we stayed with the type that remains lit at all times.
Once we dug into our options, we soon realized that our recommended lights would be fully rectified LEDs and not traditional incandescents. As Northern Seasonal’s Ben Orr, the lighting installer, told us, “LED lights allow you to do more with less.” They’re more durable, they’re safer, and you can connect together a much higher number of strands without any risk of tripping a breaker or a GFCI outlet. They also just plain ol’ last longer and use a fraction of the electricity that incandescents use.
In an article on the Christmas Designers website, Jason Woodward writes that “the benefits offered by LEDs are almost as significant as the benefits that incandescents provided over candles.” There’s no question that LEDs cost more than incandescents (they’re at least twice the price), but we believe that the long-term benefits are worth that added cost.
Some LEDs are better than others, however. All LED Christmas lights blink on and off many times per second, like a fluorescent light. The ones that are fully rectified, or full-wave, light up at a rate of 120 times per second, which is faster than the eye can detect. Lights that are known as half-wave, sometimes called non-rectified, blink 60 times per second, which can create a dizzying flickering effect. Orr told us that when a non-rectified strand is moving, the flickering becomes more apparent, and we confirmed this effect during our testing: Just by giving a non-rectified strand a slight jiggle, we made the lights take on a strobe effect that was very unpleasant to look at. In our tests, even when they were not moving, those lights seemed to have a harshness, an electronic feel, that the rectified lights didn’t have.
For outdoor lights, our experts directed us toward a specific style of LED, 5-millimeter wide-angle conicals. The bulbs on these lights are stubby and don’t have the homespun look of the small glass candle found on other mini lights. They are much brighter than regular mini lights (both LED and incandescent), and the unique shape of the bulb adds depth and complexity to the lights’ appearance. As Orr told us, this shape allows the strand to “refract the light and create a cool look depending on the angle of view. It appears that some are brighter than others and it adds contrast.” Orr, who specializes in exterior displays, added that mm wide-angle lights are generally his favorite light. And Christmas Designers, in a video dedicated to the bulbs, says these lights are “by far the most popular set we sell.”
But as with regular LED bulbs, the color of the light is a concern. We figure that if you’re reading this guide, you’re probably interested in replacing an old set of incandescent lights—but even if you want something more efficient and durable, you don’t want to give up the traditional lights’ familiar warm glow. Unfortunately, that is a big issue with LEDs.
Both Orr and Woodward warned us that LEDs simply do not look like incandescents. Due to improvements in the technology, many companies manufacture a “warm white” color that, depending on the quality of the LED, can closely mimic, but not fully achieve, the pinpoint sparkle of an incandescent. Orr stressed that “LED technology varies throughout the industry, and a warm white from one supplier can vary in hues and color drastically from another.” He even suggested buying strands from a few different manufacturers to compare them and see which hue you like best before making a large purchase. Once you find something you like, he said, buy from only that manufacturer. Our testing confirmed that there is a tremendous variety in LED color hues, from the fantastic to the terrible.
We dismissed companies that had overall poor reviews (Holiday Time), strange or incomplete bulb selections (EcoSmart), or suspiciously low pricing (Home Accents). Other companies, like Hometown Evolution, AGPtek, and Deneve, fall more into general exterior decor and don’t have a very good selection of Christmas lights. AGPtek, in particular, deals only in solar-powered or battery lights, which are more of a specialty item, and we wanted to concentrate on general tree and exterior lighting.
Our original testing consisted of 1sets, including colored and white mini lights, both LED and incandescent. We also tested a number of mm wide-angle conical LEDs, since our experts recommended them for exterior use. Then, in 2015, we looked at two new sets from Christmas Designers, the TSmooth LED Lights in both warm white and multicolor.
Ready to begin testing.
To evaluate the lights, we wound and unwound them, draped them over and into Christmas trees and rhododendrons, and tucked them in and out of deck railings. Basically, we tried to use the lights how they’re intended to be used. We tested the weather impermeability of the exterior lights by plugging them in and sinking the strands of lights into a 3-gallon bucket of water. While this test was a bit extreme, it’s certainly possible that any set of exterior lights will end up in a puddle or draped in a gutter.
Overall, we found that the wire quality has a lot to do with the success of a strand of lights. Some of the tested lights had tidy, close-knit strands of wire, while others were loose and messy. Some wires needed untwisting before use, like an old phone cord, and still others continued to accordion back on themselves no matter how we tried to stretch them out and lay them flat.
We also assessed each strand for color quality, using the incandescent strands as a benchmark, with the input of Susan Moriarty, executive creative director and founder of The Soapbox Studio. She’s a die-hard fan of the warmth that incandescent Christmas lights emit, so we asked her to compare the classics against new LEDs. Even though Moriarty did her evaluations in a blind fashion, she consistently chose along brand lines, a result that backed up Orr’s suggestion to select a single manufacturer and stick with it.
Long-term test notes
After two seasons of having the GE Energy Smart Colorite LED Miniature Lights on my tree, I have no complaints. Just recently (fall 2016) I took them out of storage for the holidays, and all of the bulbs work fine. I’ve noticed that the wire stranding has loosened a little, but the lights are still fairly well organized, and I don’t foresee any issues with putting them around a tree.
GKI/Bethlehem’s LEDs are nice lights, but we found that their color and wire quality didn’t match that of the GE or Christmas Designers lights.
The multicolor LED lights sold by Noma (known as Holiday Wonderland in the US) had a nice hue in our tests, but they’re non-rectified, so they have the potential for flicker—and if you merely jiggle them, they produce a dizzying strobe effect.
We also tested Noma’s mm wide-angle multicolored LEDs. Like the other Noma lights, this set is non-rectified. And because these lights employ a two-piece bulb and socket design, there is a chance of water infiltration, making them less than ideal for exterior applications.
GKI/Bethlehem’s wide-angle LEDs had a tidy wire but lacked the color quality of the wide-angle LEDs from the specialty stores. The whites had a far whiter hue. Even though this strand is sold as a warm white, in our tests The Soapbox Studio’s Susan Moriarty didn’t see a whole lot of warmth to it.
Wide-angle conical lights from Christmas Designers (top) and Christmas Light Source (bottom). Notice what a disaster the wiring is on the CLS lights. The best of the tested lights had nice, organized wires like the ones from Christmas Designers.
The wide-angle LEDs from Christmas Light Source had the most frustrating wire of all the lights we tested. Each bulb needed twisting and turning for the strand to lie flat, and even then it kept trying to spring back to how it was. The individual wires were loose from one another and had uneven loops. It was a nightmare to feed them through a tight spot like a railing or even between two branches.
The Brite Star clear incandescents we tested were very nice, and in light quality they were on a par with the strands from Christmas Designers and GE. We didn’t make them a recommendation because they have a 2½-inch spacing, which seems a little tight for most people. As we mention above, inches is the standard.
While the Brite Star incandescents were a success in our tests, the company’s LED Mini Ice Lights were a total failure. Everything bad about LEDs was on display with these lights. When we plugged them in, the result was like having 50 small computer screens lit up on a wire strand. It was just awful. They’re non-rectified, and the effect is not a positive one. The light that these LEDs emit is about as natural as the ingredients list on a Twinkie.
Cluster lights offer a unique and hazy look, but because they have so many bulbs per strand, they quickly get expensive.
In 2016, we tested two different styles of cluster lights. Such strands, which have been popular in Europe for years, have much smaller bulbs (either mm or mm conicals) and a vastly higher bulb density—a 10-foot strand has almost 450 bulbs on it, in contrast to traditional mini lights, which might have only 50 bulbs on a 16-foot strand. With regular mini lights, the bulb is attached to the main wire, but on a cluster strand, the bulb sits on the end of a 2½-inch extension coming off the main wire. The spacing on these extensions can be as little as ⅛ inch. On a tree, cluster lights offer a hazy, almost fairy-tale effect.
We found them available in two styles: straight strands and tree ready. The straight strands are self-explanatory, but the tree style is a little more complicated. This design—consisting of a central (non-lit) wire with a series of cluster strands coming off it, each one longer than the last—allows you to hang the main line vertically from the top of the tree (with the shortest cluster at the top) and then unravel each cluster around the tree. Lighting a tree this way takes hardly any time at all (this video shows the process). The lights are available for either 6-foot or 6.75-foot trees in warm or cool white.
If you are interested in cluster lights, we recommend sticking with a trusted retailer due to the variances we’ve seen with LED light quality. The ones we tested were from Christmas Designers, and these bulbs have the same warm incandescent-like look as the company’s other LED products.
Pros & Cons of LED Light
LED stands for light emitting diode, which are semiconductors that produce light when charged. LED bulbs have an average lifespan of over 50,000 hours, compared to a little over 1,000 for conventional incandescent bulbs. As a LED ages, the amount of light it gives off dissipates over time.
Pros & Cons of CFL Light
CFL stands for compact fluorescent lighting, which is simply a smaller version of a fluorescent tube. CFL bulbs contain a mercury vapor that lights when it is energized. Because CFLs contain mercury, they must be disposed of carefully, at designated drop-off site (Home Depot, Lowes, recycling centers, etc). An average CFL bulb should last 7,000 hours.
Pros & Cons of Incandescent Light
Incandescent light is an electric process that produces light with a wire filament that is heated to a high temperature by an electric current which runs through it. This is the type of lighting which was the standard in homes up until the 1990’s. Due to its poor energy efficiency, it is being replaced with the newer technology of LED and CFL bulbs. Incandescent bulbs last roughly 1,000 hours.
Pros & Cons of Halogen Light
Similar to incandescent light bulbs, halogen bulbs use a similar electric-filament technology with one important difference; with incandescents the filament degrades via evaporation over time whereas, with halogens, filament evaporation is prevented by a chemical process that redeposits metal vapor onto the filament, thereby extending its life. Halogen bulbs have a lifespan of roughly 3,000 hours.
Color Temperature & Lighting Color temperature is a characteristic of visible light. The temperature of light refers to its warmness or coolness, or hue. This temperature is measured using the Kelvin scale, which for most use ranges from 2,700°-7,500°K. Incandescent and halogen lighting are the most limited in the temperature range at 2,700°-3,000°K. LED and CFL have each expanded their color range to now offering warmer options. Most task lighting, however, benefits from cooler lighting options which include LED, full spectrum, and CFL.
Understanding Lumens & Brightness is a measurement of light output from a lamp, often called a tube or a bulb. All lamps are rated in lumens. For example, a 100-watt incandescent lamp produces about 1,600 lumens.
The distribution of light on a flat surface is called its illumination and is measured in footcandles. A footcandle of illumination is a lumen of light spread over a one square foot area.
The illumination needed varies according to the difficulty of a visual task. Ideal illumination is the minimum footcandles necessary to allow you to perform a task comfortably and efficiently without eyestrain or fatigue. According to the Illuminating Engineering Society, illumination of 30 to 50 footcandles is needed for most home and office work. Intricate and lengthy visual tasks — like sewing — require 200 to 500 footcandles.
1,000-1,400 Lumens is a commonly accepted range for most applications of task lighting. An average of 50 Lumens per square foot is a common measure. efficacy. Efficacy is the ratio of light output from a lamp to the electric power it uses and is measured in lumens per watt.
Demystifying LED Light
When comparing the raw lumen output of traditional lamps with the lumen output of many LED lamps, it may seem that LEDs deliver less light than the conventional counterparts. These comparisons, however, are inaccurate and misleading, since they fail to account for the amount of wasted light in conventional lighting.
Therefore, lumen output is a poor measure of the suitability of a lamp for a given task. The better measure is delivered light — how much light a fixture delivers to a surface, as measured in lux (lx) or footcandles (fc). You can make comparisons between conventional and LED lighting fixtures on the basis of delivered light, as it measures how much of a light source’s raw lumen output reaches a surface or area you are lighting.
Determining the amount of a conventional lamp’s raw lumen output reaches as area, you must discount any light lost in the fixture housing (at times over 30%), as well as the light lost as a result of shading, lensing, and filtering. Since incandescent and fluorescent lamps often emit light in many directions, you must also discount any light cast away from the target area.
Reading area or den
The reading area should have a bright task lamp. A bright desk lamp can prevent eye strain which is helpful in preventing eye damage in the long run. With bright task lamps in the reading area, you can keep headaches away. Thus, you will surely enjoy reading as well as other activities like writing letters or completing puzzles.
Your kitchen is another part of the home that requires task lighting. The dangerous nature of the activities you do in your kitchen is reason enough to get additional task lighting. More importantly, you need enough light to read recipes and to see the ingredients as they cook as well as other practical things. For kitchens, common task lighting fixtures are under cabinet lights that provide extra illumination to supplement the ambient light.
Brightest of the Bunch
We’ve done the dirty work for you and scouted the market for the handy nuggets, cubes, and packages worth stashing by the grill or fireplace. Keep reading for which options have been reviewed as the best fire starter in the business by consumers who have tried them all—as well as where you can stock up.
How to create a Pack
The first thing you need to know is how to create a package in order to sell it for profit. First of all, you need a special Merchant Certificate. This certificate can be bought for 50 silver coins from the Crafting Merchant. You can’t craft a package without it.
After you get the certificate you need to gather resources for crafting. Different packs require different resources and a list of required resources can be found in the “Commerce” crafting menu.
After you collect enough resources and have purchased the certificate you need to find a special workbench. The easiest way to find a workbench is to use map. Open your map and tick Infrastructure – Speciality Workbench from the filters on the right. This will display what you need.
All crafting actions in ArcheAge require labor power, and “Commerce” profession is no exception. Each pack created will cost you 60 labor, thus if you don’t have enough labor you won’t be able to craft.
When a pack is finished it restricts your character, decreasing their movement speed. This makes you an easy target for all ranged enemies. Due to your restricted speed they will attack you with their abilities from distance giving you a disadvantage. If you want to kill an enemy It’s better to place packs on the ground.
Merchants and Mounts
After the package is created your character carries it on his back. Now the task is to deliver it to the other province to sell it. But there is one difficulty: like explained earlier, your movement speed with goods is very slow. It’s not a good idea to move on foot, and that’s where a mount will help you a lot.
Many players prefer to use horses to deliver cargo as they think that a horse is the best mount for this. But it’s a big mistake guys! There is a special mount for merchants – donkey. A donkey is one of the best mounst for delivering trade packages because of it’s movement speed. Just compare: if you carry a trade pack your horse will move 1.m/s while a donkey moves at m/s. A donkey’s basic speed is over two times as much which makes a huge difference.
Moreover, donkey’s have a special skill that increases their movement speed by 30%. Which makes them even more superior to horses.
The reward you receive for delivering your pack depends on the remoteness of the buyer from the place where you made the pack. You gain the most profit when delivering to another island and a ship will help you a lot. In fact there is a special ship for merchants called a Merchant Ship. The difference with this ship is that there are 20 Trade Pack storages there. You can place your pack in storage and thus defend your ship from pirates much better.
Pirates are a real threat for all traders and if you are alone you have very little chance to complete your deal. Therefore, it’s better to gather in a group to better protect your cargo. If you have a Merchant Ship you should ask your guild mates to help you with delivering to protect against piracy. Big guilds usually gather in a large group to protect their merchants.
If you are defeated by pirates the chances to get your goods back are low. When they destroy the ship all cargo from the boxes will be dropped and pirates will be able to pick it up. As you can see, the risk of losing goods is very high and I don’t recommend you deliver goods to another continent if you don’t have enough people to protect your ship.
Some players say that delivering goods is one of the most profitable activities in ArcheAge. If you know what to produce, how to deliver goods and where to sell them, the “Commerce” profession can bring you a lot of money. But you should know some basic rules to understand the mechanics of making money.
Trading Packs can only be sold in other locations. You can’t sell it in the location where you produce it. Thus you will always have to go to other territories.
The reward you get depends on the remoteness of the buyer from the place where the pack was made. The further a buyer is located the more money you make. Very often you will get the highest reward for selling a pack on other continent or Freelich. It’s a risky journey but the reward is worth it.
The reward decreases if other players deliver too many packs similar to yours, in the location where you want to sell it. For example if there is a great supply of lumber packs in Sanddeep you will get lower reward. If you are looking to maximize profits it’s better to choose a place with a stable economic situation. Or, you need to be fast, and lucky, to deliver your goods faster than other players.
Trade Packs can be delivered to special NPCs – Gilda Star Trader and Gold Coins Trader and can be exchanged for Gilda Stars and Gold. You can find these NPCs using your map; just filter Merchants – Gilda Stars Trader / Gold Coins Trader. These traders are usually not far from each other.
If you sell packs for gold you receive it 2hours after the transaction with a 5% gain. If you sell them for Gilda Stars you receive the reward immediately.
There are locations on each continent where you can sell packs.
How to Choose a Good Paint Brush
When buying brushes for acrylic painting, you can get both the stiff bristle brushes used by oil painters and synthetic brushes made for smooth watercolor painting. It all depends on the effect you want to obtain with your brushwork.
Stiffer brushes will leave visible marks on the painting, with more textural results. Softer brushes will give you smoother brushstrokes, with more blending.
For oils you need thicker bristles to move the dense and heavy paint around. For watercolors you need a softer brush because the medium is very fluid. Acrylic paints are softer than oils but thicker than watercolors, so your brushes can be somewhere in the middle.
Expensive Sable Brushes Are too Fancy for Acrylics
Even though natural bristle brushes created for oil paint can be used with acrylic paint, you may want to avoid expensive sable brushes.
When painting with acrylics you need to keep your brushes wet or immersed in water for a long time, so that the paint does not dry on the brush, and this excessive moisture can ruin the natural fibers quickly.
Bristles or Hairs
The part of the brush that holds and applies the paint. They can be natural or synthetic. Good quality brushes have firmly held bristles. It’s important that they don’t fall out while you are painting, for aesthetic reasons and because you may create messes on your painting when you try to remove them.
Usually made from metal, it connects the handle to the hairs, and keeps the bristles in shape. A good ferrule does not rust or come loose.
Paint Brush Sizes
The size of a brush is indicated by a number on the handle, and it refers to how thick the brush is at the heel, where the ferrule meets the hairs. Sizes vary from 000, 00, 0, 1, 2, etc.
Different manufacturers have different sizes for the same number, so if you buy supplies online, always refer to the measurement of the brush, not just the size number, especially if you are not familiar with the manufacturer.
How to read manufacturer measurements
Length: distance from the edge of the ferrule out to the tip of the hair in the brush’s center.
Diameter: distance across a round ferrule at the point where the ferrule ends and the hair begins.
Width: distance across a flat ferrule at the exact point where the ferrule ends and the hair begins.
A brush’s width is different from the width of the paint stroke that the brush makes. The actual width of the stroke varies according to the amount of pressure used, the angle at which the brush is held, the media used, and the flexibility of the brush hair.
The brush stroke will vary depending on how you hold your brushes too. Holding your brush close to the ferrule gives you most control, great for painting details; holding near the end gives you lose strokes.
When Choosing Brushes You Should Consider
Size – The rule of thumb about brush size is that big brushes should be used for large areas and loose brushwork, and small brushes should be used for small areas and details.
Shape – each shape delivers different stroke styles, and a different effect. Learning which shape to use to get the wanted effect is very important, and requires some experimenting. Have fun with it.
Material – Nylon brushes are best to lay flat paint areas, while natural bristles give a more uneven texture.
Professional artist grade brush for acrylics and watercolor
Paint Brush Sets
Brushes can be very expensive. To save some money, you may purchase a paint brush set.
Brush sets come conveniently assorted in sizes and shapes. Many sets are a lower quality, but they can still be a great choice for beginner painters, and allow you to get used to the different types and sizes of brushes without investing a lot of money into it.
Once you know what type of brush you like to work with, you can expand your brush collection and invest in higher quality, more expensive brushes of your choice.
GIFTS FOR WOMEN
176Designs makes incredible wall art of wood from homes in Nashville that are being demolished.
Based out of Nashville, this jewelry designer makes gorgeous, feminine jewelry with Herkimer stone.
The lavender collection gift set comes with bath salt, bar soap, and solid lotion.
This cookbook by Nashvillian McKel Hill of Nutrition Stripped is a great gift for the cook in your life.
This amazing Nashville company employs women who have overcome huge obstacles and gives them a chance at a better life.
These Simon and Ruby stud earrings are simple and perfect.
Local designer Lindsey Stewart Sherrod founded Lilyan James out of a need for better quality handbags for women. All of the handbags are gorgeous.
GIFTS FOR MEN
ShaveFace is a Nashville-based company providing shaving essentials for men. Their cornerstone product, The Strop, extends the useful lifetime of razors by 500%. It can also be personalized.
This is the perfect weekend duffel for the man in your life.
Nisolo is an amazing local shoemaker located in Germantown. They have great gift options for men and women.
The carry on cocktail kit from Ranger Station includes everything you need to make a delicious Old Fashioned (except the alcohol) all packaged neatly in a tin container. This is perfect for the traveler in your life.
An awesome gift for the guy in your life is an experience. The Ryman Auditorium has great musicians throughout January and February like The Beach Boys, St. Paul and the Broken Bones, Shovels and Rope, Little Big Town, and more.
GIFTS FOR KIDS
The organic baby bundle from Little Seed Farm includes booty balm, lip salve, and milk soaps.
Project 61sells a wide variety of screen-printed apparel, and this kelly green tee is a festive option for the holidays.
If you have a trendy kid in your life, they will love any of the tee shirts from Will & Ivey.
First of all thanks for reading my article to the end! I hope you find my reviews listed here useful and that it allows you to make a proper comparison of what is best to fit your needs and budget. Don’t be afraid to try more than one product if your first pick doesn’t do the trick.
Most important, have fun and choose your Specialty Candles wisely! Good luck!
So, TOP3 of Specialty Candles
- №1 — Pet Odor Exterminator Candle, Apple Pumpkin,13 oz
- №2 — Biedermann & Sons Set of 4 Sports Theme Birthday Candles, 12 Packages, Baseball
- №3 — Maven Gifts: Specialty Pet Products Creamy Vanilla 13 Oz. Pet Odor Exterminator Candle 2-Pack