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Home tools Buyer's Guides from tech enthusiast who loves technology and clever solutions for better living.
Home tools Buyer's Guides from tech enthusiast who loves technology and clever solutions for better living.
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Start by looking for companies that specialize in window coverings. They will tend to have the widest selection of products, more experience and knowledge about window coverings. The Yellow Pages on the web under the categories of blinds or drapery will give you a good overview. Look carefully at the image and information on the company website as this will tell you something about the company. Remember you want to match your needs so don’t look for a company offering a guaranteed lowest price on blinds if you want quality or drapery treatments.
Ask your friends and neighbours if they have dealt with a company they would recommend. However, be careful about placing too much emphasis on a recommendation. Your friend may have had different needs than you and placed more importance on factors not appropriate to your circumstances. So make sure you ask some probing questions to qualify the recommendation.
Select your first choice and phone them to find out if they have the products and services you are looking for, but more importantly to see how you are received on the phone. Remember the person answering the phone may not be the person you will end up dealing with but they do represent the company and should leave you with a favorable impression. Visit the showroom of the company you selected.
Reputable, established companies will have showrooms to display the products they sell. The appearance of the showroom will tell you a lot about the company. Attractive displays, a clean and well organized showroom and friendly, helpful staff are what you want to find. If this is not the case you need to start questioning whether or not the company is going to do the job right.
If you are happy with your choice of company arrange to have a consultant come to your home to help you select the type of window coverings and determine the price. There is generally no charge for an in home consultation. Don’t be afraid to indicate a budget range you want to stay within as it will help the consultant select window treatments that you can afford. This will save both of you a lot of time and potential disappointment. You may find that you are happy with the product selection, price and service from your first choice company and if so go ahead and place your order.
On the other hand you may have some doubts or simply want a comparison to another company so arrange for your second choice to come to your home. This process can be repeated several times if you want but remember that if you are moving into a new home it will take about two hours for each consultation. So, keep in mind that your time is valuable and the grass isn’t always greener on the other side.
You should now be in a position to make an informed purchase decision. Now is the time to start comparing prices because you can determine which company is offering the best value for your dollar. The lowest price is usually not the best value so don’t be totally focused on price. Consider all the factors, the reputation of the company, the competence of the staff, product selection, after sales service and your overall impression. Remember to make your decision relative to your needs.
If you are looking for quality custom drapery then price should not be the deciding factor unless the other factors are equal. On the other hand if you have decided to purchase a brand name blind and are not concerned about after sales and warranty service then the lowest price may be the best value.
They are coming back in style and the blind manufacturers are offering better selections and more decorative fabrics. The older vinyl type fabrics are still available but they have a tendency to curl on the edges over time and this is generally not covered by warranty. The sun screen mesh fabric is a great choice for sunny windows that still allows you to see through the material.
The old spring style roll up system has virtually disappeared from custom blinds which now come with a much better continuous loop pull chain for raising and lowering the blind. If you plan on mounting the blind inside the window frame there will be about a 5/8” gap from the fabric to the side of the window because of the bracket system. This can be unacceptable if you wanted black out in which case you are better to mount on the wall and go at least 2” past the window frame all around. Prices are in the lower to moderate range for roller blinds.
The warranty from a manufacturer is normally the same for all fabric vanes in their collection regardless of price. A current trend is having sewn in weights at the bottom of the vane instead of weights with chains. The bottom chains do tend to be an aggravation over time because the clips break off particularly with kids and pets around. Sewn in weights have a cleaner look but the vanes will tend to sway more so they need to be pulled closed more gently to avoid criss-crossing.
If you want a vertical mounted inside the window frame you need a depth of three inches and the clearance of the vane to the sill will be 1/2”. You can ask for less clearance where privacy is a concern such as a higher bedroom window but don’t expect the store to guarantee the fit. Also remember that the side gap will be larger on the side where the controls will be located. Verticals mounted on the wall are less of a problem but you need to go at least 4” to 7” past the window frame to maintain privacy as the vanes will be about 1/2” inches out from the wall when closed. Verticals are in the moderate to higher price range.
Wooden Blinds & Shutters
Wooden blinds are available in 1”, 2” & 3” wide slats and the selection of stain finishes is comparable to other wood products. The majority of wood blinds are made from bass wood or ramin wood which provides light weight, a tight grain and good structural stability. The top quality blinds will have fewer imperfections in the wood and the slats will have been cut to size and holes routered before applying stains and finishing coats. This process seals the wood better. Wooden blinds are in the higher price range but you can have the same look with a faux wood which has become the most popular selling blind and is less expensive than a wood blind.
Shutters are available in wood or polyvinyl and the most popular louvre sizes are 1/2” to 1/2”. Wood shutters can be color matched to any finish and shaped into angle or arch windows. However, they are more expensive and have a longer delivery time in the range of six weeks. Polyvinyl shutters have a very durable finish with extended warranties and delivery times in as little as two weeks. Shutters are in the higher price range.
In my review of the first mainstream curved LCD TV, Samsung’s UNHU9000, I called the curve “a flat-out gimmick.” And that was after living with one in my house for a month. The curve detracted more than it added to picture quality, and in the end seemed like more of an aesthetic choice than anything else. I don’t think it’s worth the extra money.
Further reading: Trouble with the curve: What you need to know about curved TVs
Let me reiterate
All HDMI cables are the same. If you don’t have a universal remote already, you should get one. Our list of best home video and best home audio gear has other good suggestions.
How come you never mention rear-projection or plasma TV?
Because rear-projection TVs are no longer on sale as of 2012, and the last plasma TVs were manufactured in 201They’ll be missed.
Unlike dinosaur rear-projectors, I think front-projectors are really cool, and we’ve we’ve reviewed a few. And yes, your TV is too tiny
Curtain length is typically measured from the top of the rod pocket to the bottom edge of the curtain. If the curtain has a header (the part above the rod pocket), this is typically not included in the length of the curtain. If the header is included in the length of the curtain, it will be specified in the description of the curtain.
Tab curtain lengths include the tabs unless specified.
The length of the fringe or edging sewn to a curtain or a dust ruffle should be added to the curtain length or dust ruffle drop length. The fringe length is specified in the description of the curtain.
If you plan to use clip rings, remember the top of the curtain will start at the clip so you will need to take the length of the ring into account when determining what curtain length to purchase.
Overall curtain length is a matter of personal preference and need not be exact. If you have not yet installed your rod, you can adjust the placement of your rod, a little higher or lower, to get the bottom of the curtain to fall where you want at your window.
Using a metal tape measure or a wooden yardstick, measure the width of the window area you would like to cover, typically from bracket to bracket.
For proper fullness, order curtain pair widths that are approximately one and a half times to double the width of the window area you would like to cover.
For wider windows, order wider width pairs, available in many styles, or order an extra pair of regular width curtains.
How to Select & Install a Rod Pocket Panel or Tailored Panel Curtains:
Rod Pocket Panels/Tailored Panels usually comes in sized pockets, a standard pocket which usually varies between 1/4″ & 3/4″, this type of pocket usually works with curtain rods less then 3/4″ in diameter. The second type of pocket is called the wide pocket, this pocket is 3″W & usually works with a 1/2″ wide pocket curtain rod or a decorative rod up to 1/4″ in diameter. For added decor many customers are now installing them with decorative curtain rods & clip rings.
Fullness is subjective, so here is a guide, use approximately times your window width in fabric. For thinner fabrics use more fullness as much 1/times your window width, for thicker fabrics use less fullness. If you want more privacy use more fullness, if you want more light use less fullness. If you want to just soften your window, you can use one panel one each side with a tie back or a hold back. Selecting this type of panel usually means that you are not going to draw them open & closed a lot, they are usually used more for decor.
The standard width of a panel usually coincides with the width of the bolt of fabric the manufacturer started with. So if you want to same money & buy a standard sized panel, it is not unusual to have to use multiple panels to achieve your desired fullness. So you usually need panels for a single window & panels for a double window, etc. Some customers think they need a special width to fit their windows, this is simply not true. You can achieve your desired width with any sized panel we offer.
In the complete set the Swag Topper & Tier Pairs usually come with a standard pocket that usually varies between 1/4″ & 3/4″, this type of pocket usually works with curtain rods less then 3/4″ in diameter.
Most customers use a standard curtain rod for the swag pair & valance & a sash or cafe rod for the tier pairs.
When determining what length tier you need, consider the total length of your window. For example, say your window length is 60″L, the insert valance will be mounted about inch over the window, so if you deduct 1/2″ for your pocket & 1/2″ for your header (These are approximations). There will be a 9″ drop, so if you choose a 36″ long tier pair, you will have approximately 15″ of open space on your window.
There is no right or wrong way, the question is, how do I get an inexpensive prepacked kitchen curtains to look great on my window, without spending hundreds of dollar on custom treatments.
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What are the latest fashion trends in jewelry? Vintage jewelry from the Victorian, Edwardian, Art Deco, and Retro periods are much sought after today, and they can bring hefty prices. Certain jewelers and designers are also in demand, including Van Cleef & Arpels, Carven French, Cartier, Graff, and Bvlgari. If you find any pre-1960 Tiffany items, you might want to grab them.
Emeralds, aquamarine, and tourmaline from Brazil are also very popular now, in everything from rings to bracelets to necklaces. Combinations of black and white stones are trending, along with using several different colored gemstones together. When featured alone, the trend is more to milky, opaque, or pearlescent gemstones. Some of the most popular jewelry features rough-cut stones or gemstones in irregular shapes that are more natural in appearance.
As for earrings, large teardrops, classic hoops, and lace, filigree, diamond studs, and fringe earrings are making a splash. The most popular bracelets are twist bracelets, cuff bracelets, spiral bangles, braided bracelets, diamond tennis bracelets, and wrap bracelets. The hottest in necklaces seem to include bib necklaces, charm necklaces, fringe necklaces, and tassel necklaces. Large stone pendants are making a comeback, too. Strands of pearls, including vintage jewelry, have come back strong.
Trendy motifs include serpents, owls, infinity knots, crosses, turtles, lizards, bows, hearts, and geometric shapes. And believe it or not, cameos are back in style. My mom would be so happy to know that. I suppose I can drag out all her old cameo brooches and wear them with confidence now. Since the cameos are antique jewelry, I’ll be killing two birds with one (gem)stone!
White gold is quickly replacing yellow gold as America’s favorite precious metal. Another type of gold, rose gold, is gaining ground, too. Rose gold is a combination of yellow gold, copper, and silver. It’s available in different shades and purities. And don’t overlook sterling silver. It’s fashionable again.
I’m very happy to see the Southwestern – Native American look coming back. For me, it’s never gone out of style! The latest jewelry trends include lots of turquoise and coral, often accompanied by feathers, conchos, shells, leather, and antiqued silver. Sometimes mother-of-pearl is used, too, for a totally natural yet colorful look.
If you’re really interested in the latest jewelry trends, check out what runway models and celebrities are wearing. Of course, you might not care a thing about fashion jewelry, and that’s okay. It’s fine to have your own unique style and to wear what you like and what looks good on you. And don’t forget that some classics are timeless and never go out of style, like tasteful jewelry made of high-quality components.
How to handle a vintage pattern
Bias bindings. Since linings were rare, rayon bias bindings were often used to finish seams. A double fold bias binding was used in lightweight fabrics and a single fold bias binding for heavier fabrics. Photo: Deana Tierney.
Bound buttonholes. Bound buttonholes were the prevalent method for creating buttonholes in vintage clothing. The edges of the buttonholes are finished with a stitched-on fabric or leather binding to create a beautiful garment detail.
Pattern in action
To take you step-by-step through some of the common techniques that show up in vintage patterns, we chose this stunning Butterick Starred Pattern 5156, A Katharine Hepburn Frock, designed in 193This design was modeled after an actual garment worn by Katharine Hepburn in the film Christopher Strong.
With right sides together, stitch the strip to the unfinished opening edges, making sure to position the strip ends at the bottom of the opening.
Wrap the raw edge over the seam, turn in the edge and ends, and hand-stitch to the garment opening.
Close the middle of the opening (generally at the natural waistline) with a hook and bar and the remainder of the opening with snaps.
Add a gusset for range of motion-A gusset is a design element located at the underarm of a garment that enables the wearer to completely move her arm.
Turn under the gusset opening edges along the marks and baste. Baste the edges of the gusset to the opening matching the perforated marks.
Edge stitch around the gusset, trim the seam allowances to 3/inch, and overcast.
Rayon seam binding tape. Seam binding tape and rayon seam tape were used to finish the raw edges of hems on sleeves, jackets, trousers, and skirts before there were serging machines.
The tape is lapped over the raw edge, and machine-stitched along the top edge of the hem. The hem is then turned up, pressed, and hand-stitched through the tape to the garment.
Hemodynamic monitoring and management has greatly improved during the past decade. Technologies have evolved from very invasive to non-invasive, and the philosophy has shifted from a static approach to a functional approach. However, despite these major changes, the critical care community still has potential to improve its ability to adopt the most modern standards of research methodology in order to more effectively evaluate new monitoring systems and their impact on patient outcome. Today, despite the huge enthusiasm raised by new hemodynamic monitoring systems, there is still a big gap between clinical research studies evaluating these monitors and clinical practice. A few studies, especially in the perioperative period, have shown that hemodynamic monitoring systems coupled with treatment protocols can improve patient outcome. These trials are small and, overall, the corpus of science related to this topic does not yet fit the standard of clinical research methodology encountered in other specialties such as cardiology and oncology. Larger randomized trials or quality improvement processes will probably answer questions related to the real impact of these systems.
Many negative studies in the critical care setting.
0, None; 0+, very slight; + slight; ++, intermediate; +++, severe. PiCCO plus, Pulsion Medical Systems, Irving, TX, USA; VolumeView, Edwards, Irvine, CA, USA; LiDCO plus, LiDCO Ltd, London, UK; FloTrac, Edwards, Irvine, CA, USA; LidCO Rapid, LiDCO Ltd, London, UK; Pulsioflex, Pulsion Medical Systems, Irving, TX, USA; PRAM, Multiple Suppliers; Nexfin, BMEye, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Cardio Q, Deltex Medical Limited, Chichester, West Sussex, UK; USCOM, Uscom, Sydney, Australia; NiCOM, Cheetah Medical, Tel Aviv, Israel; ECOM, ConMed, Irvine, CA, USA; BioZ, CardioDynamics, San Diego, CA, USA.
Functional hemodynamic monitoring parameters presents the various functional hemodynamic parameters available for the prediction of fluid responsiveness as well as the monitors available for their display.
Passive leg raising
Demonstrated with esophageal Doppler, PiCCO plus, Echocardiography, NICOM, and Vigileo FloTrac
PiCCO plus, Pulsion Medical Systems, Irving, TX, USA; VolumeView, Edwards, Irvine, CA, USA; LiDCO plus, LiDCO Ltd, London, UK; FloTrac, Edwards, Irvine, CA, USA; LidCO Rapid, LiDCO Ltd, London, UK; Pulsioflex, Pulsion Medical Systems, Irving, TX, USA; PRAM, Multiple Suppliers; Nexfin, BMEye, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Cardio Q, Deltex Medical Limited, Chichester, West Sussex, UK; USCOM, Uscom, Sydney, Australia; NiCOM, Cheetah Medical, Tel Aviv, Israel; ECOM, ConMed, Irvine, CA, USA; BioZ, CardioDynamics, San Diego, CA, USA; CNAP, CNS Systems, Graz, Austria; General Electric Monitors, General Electric Company, Fairfield, Connecticut, USA; EV1000 VolumeView, Edwards, Irvine, CA, USA; Masimo Radical 7, Masimo, Irvine, CA, USA; esophageal Doppler, Deltex Medical Limited, Chichester, West Sussex, UK; Echocardiography, Multiple Suppliers.
Evaluation of hemodynamic monitoring systems and how to choose among them?
Now that we have discussed the different hemodynamic systems available, the question remains as to whether or not it matters which of them is used for the management of critically ill patients. Practically speaking, if we want to reasonably answer this question, we need to define what we expect from these systems, to identify the setting in which the system is going to be used, and to evaluate whether or not these systems accurately achieve what we expect from them.
What do we expect from a hemodynamic monitoring system?
This question depends on the monitor. At the very least, we expect a CO monitoring system to measure CO accurately and we expect a fluid responsiveness monitor to predict fluid responsiveness accurately.
Evaluating the accuracy of a cardiac output monitoring system
Evaluating the predictive value of a functional hemodynamic parameter
Fluid optimization concept based on stroke volume monitoring. The concept of cardiac output maximization based on fluid administration and stroke volume monitoring. Small boluses of fluid are administered intravenously (200 to 250 ml at a time) until the stroke volume increases by <10%.
Fluid optimization concept based on minimization of dynamic parameters of fluid responsiveness. The concept of cardiac output maximization based on the minimization of dynamic parameters of fluid responsiveness. This minimization can be achieved by monitoring pulse pressure variation (PPV), stroke volume variation or respiratory variations in the plethysmographic waveform.
Which hemodynamic monitoring system? For which patient? When? How?
Several parameters must be considered before deciding which hemodynamic monitoring system should be used because, yes, it does eventually matter. Ideally, this decision should be made at the institutional level. Most departments throughout the world cannot afford to buy all of the market-available systems. At the same time, no system available today can effectively be used in all the different sectors of a hospital. Depending on the patient’s specific history and course through the hospital, one hemodynamic monitoring system may be more appropriate than the other. Defining a set of systems available that will be adaptable to the various patient populations and clinical pathways will then be essential. This approach has been recently proposed by Alhashemi and colleagues (Figure
The decision should be an institutional decision and should integrate all clinical pathways existing within the institution
Institutions containing emergency departments, operating rooms, and ICUs should have non-invasive, mini-invasive and invasive hemodynamic monitoring systems available to the clinicians and his or her patients. Likewise, when the institution performs cardiac surgery, it is still highly recommended to have PACs available. This system is well fitted for patients with low ejection fraction (<30 to 35%), moderate to severe pulmonary hypertension, sepsis (endocarditis), and for cardiac transplantation. If the patient spends more than 7hours in the ICU after surgery, it is recommended to switch from the PAC to a transpulmonary thermodilution system. Of course, transesophageal echocardiography should be available in all institutions performing cardiac surgery. However, this system is not a monitoring system per se and does not substitute for a continuous hemodynamic monitoring system.
An important consideration is that patient management is a continuum of care. Consequently, it is essential to maintain compatibility among hemodynamic monitoring technologies between different departments within the institution and to favour systems able to adapt to various clinical pathways. For example, some patients will enter the hospital through the emergency department, will then go to the operating room, and then to the ICU. Ideally, the evolution in hemodynamic monitoring should be made available on an identical platform that will adapt to the changes in hemodynamic status of the patient as well as to the clinical scenario in these different departments. Today, technological platforms allowing for a continuum of care from a totally non-invasive hemodynamic monitoring system to a mini-invasive one and then to an invasive one (or vice versa) are just emerging. For an institution to work within a given system that would be flexible and allow any kind of patient throughout the hospital to be effectively monitored would make perfect sense. Once again, this kind of platform is just starting to emerge and most institutions still have to purchase different systems, from different companies, in order to monitor different patients.
The systems should be paired with clearly defined protocols
DR is a consultant and speaker for Edwards Lifesciences. MC is a consultant for Masimo Corp., Edwards Lifesciences, Covidien, Draeger, Philips Medical Systems, Fresenius Kabi, and a speaker for ConMed. MC received research grants from Edwards Lifesciences and Masimo Corp. MC is co-inventor and co-owner on US and International patent applications related to closed-loop fluid administration and hold an equity positions in Sironis, a company developing closed-loop medical devices. BA declares that he has no competing interests.
Pinsky MR, Payen D: Functional hemodynamic monitoring. Crit Care 2005, 9: 566-5710.1186/cc3927
Alhashemi JA, Cecconi M, della Rocca G, Cannesson M, Hofer CK: Minimally invasive monitoring of cardiac output in the cardiac surgery intensive care unit. Curr Heart Fail Rep 2010, 7: 116-1210.1007/s11897-010-0019-3
Alhashemi JA, Cecconi M, Hofer CK: Cardiac output monitoring: an integrative perspective. Crit Care 2011, 15: 2110.1186/cc9996
Tolerates Being Alone
Some breeds bond very closely with their family and are more prone to worry or even panic when left alone by their owner. An anxious dog can be very destructive, barking, whining, chewing, and otherwise causing mayhem. These breeds do best when a family member is home during the day or if you can take the dog to work.
Tolerates Cold Weather
Breeds with very short coats and little or no undercoat or body fat, such as Greyhounds, are vulnerable to the cold. Dogs with a low cold tolerance need to live inside in cool climates and should have a jacket or sweater for chilly walks.
Tolerates Hot Weather
Dogs with thick, double coats are more vulnerable to overheating. So are breeds with short noses, like Bulldogs or Pugs, since they can’t pant as well to cool themselves off. If you want a heat-sensitive breed, the dog will need to stay indoors with you on warm or humid days, and you’ll need to be extra cautious about exercising your dog in the heat.
Affectionate with Family
Some breeds are independent and aloof, even if they’ve been raised by the same person since puppyhood; others bond closely to one person and are indifferent to everyone else; and some shower the whole family with affection. Breed isn’t the only factor that goes into affection levels; dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily.
Incredibly Kid Friendly Dogs
Being gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blasé attitude toward running, screaming children are all traits that make a kid-friendly dog. You may be surprised by who’s on that list: Fierce-looking Boxers are considered good with children, as are American Staffordshire Terriers (aka pit bulls). Small, delicate, and potentially snappy dogs such as Chihuahuas aren’t so family-friendly. **All dogs are individuals. Our ratings are generalizations, and they’re not a guarantee of how any breed or individual dog will behave. Dogs from any breed can be good with children based on their past experiences, training on how to get along with kids, and personality. No matter what the breed or breed type, all dogs have strong jaws, sharp pointy teeth, and may bite in stressful circumstances. Young children and dogs of any breed should always be supervised by an adult and never left alone together, period.
Friendliness toward dogs and friendliness toward humans are two completely different things. Some dogs may attack or try to dominate other dogs even if they’re love-bugs with people; others would rather play than fight; and some will turn tail and run. Breed isn’t the only factor; dogs who lived with their littermates and mother until at least to weeks of age, and who spent lots of time playing with other dogs during puppyhood, are more likely to have good canine social skills.
Friendly Toward Strangers
Stranger-friendly dogs will greet guests with a wagging tail and a nuzzle; others are shy, indifferent, or even aggressive. However, no matter what the breed, a dog who was exposed to lots of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people as a puppy will respond better to strangers as an adult.
Amount Of Shedding
If you’re going to share your home with a dog, you’ll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house. However, shedding does vary greatly among the breeds: Some dogs shed year-round, some “blow” seasonally — produce a snowstorm of loose hair — some do both, and some shed hardly at all. If you’re a neatnik you’ll need to either pick a low-shedding breed, or relax your standards.
Drool-prone dogs may drape ropes of slobber on your arm and leave big, wet spots on your clothes when they come over to say hello. If you’ve got a laid-back attitude toward slobber, fine; but if you’re a neatnik, you may want to choose a dog who rates low in the drool department.
Easy To Groom
Some breeds are brush-and-go dogs; others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to stay clean and healthy. Consider whether you have the time and patience for a dog that needs a lot of grooming, or the money to pay someone else to do it.
Due to poor breeding practices, some breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, such as hip dysplasia. This doesn’t mean that every dog of that breed will develop those diseases; it just means that they’re at an increased risk. If you’re buying a puppy, it’s a good idea to find out which genetic illnesses are common to the breed you’re interested in, so you can ask the breeder about the physical health of your potential pup’s parents and other relatives.
Potential For Weight Gain
Some breeds have hearty appetites and tend to put on weight easily. As in humans, being overweight can cause health problems in dogs. If you pick a breed that’s prone to packing on pounds, you’ll need to limit treats, make sure he gets enough exercise, and measure out his daily kibble in regular meals rather than leaving food out all the time.
Dogs come in all sizes, from the world’s smallest pooch, the Chihuahua, to the towering Great Dane, how much space a dog takes up is a key factor in deciding if he is compatible with you and your living space. Large dog breeds might seem overpowering and intimidating but some of them are incredibly sweet! Take a look and find the right large dog for you!
Easy To Train
Easy to train dogs are more adept at forming an association between a prompt (such as the word “sit”), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly. Other dogs need more time, patience, and repetition during training. Many breeds are intelligent but approach training with a “What’s in it for me?” attitude, in which case you’ll need to use rewards and games to teach them to want to comply with your requests.
Dogs who were bred for jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration, such as herding livestock, need to exercise their brains, just as dogs who were bred to run all day need to exercise their bodies. If they don’t get the mental stimulation they need, they’ll make their own work — usually with projects you won’t like, such as digging and chewing. Obedience training and interactive dog toys are good ways to give a dog a brain workout, as are dog sports and careers, such as agility and search and rescue.
Potential For Mouthiness
Common in most breeds during puppyhood and in retriever breeds at all ages, mouthiness means a tendency to nip, chew, and play-bite (a soft, fairly painless bite that doesn’t puncture the skin). Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or “herd” their human family members, and they need training to learn that it’s fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people. Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a chew toy that’s been stuffed with kibble and treats.
Tendency To Bark Or Howl
Some breeds sound off more often than others. When choosing a breed, think about how the dog vocalizes — with barks or howls — and how often. If you’re considering a hound, would you find their trademark howls musical or maddening? If you’re considering a watchdog, will a city full of suspicious “strangers” put him on permanent alert? Will the local wildlife literally drive your dog wild? Do you live in housing with noise restrictions? Do you have neighbors nearby?
Some breeds are more free-spirited than others. Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they’ll take off after anything that catches their interest. And many hounds simply must follow their noses, or that bunny that just ran across the path, even if it means leaving you behind.
Some breeds do fine with a slow evening stroll around the block. Others need daily, vigorous exercise — especially those that were originally bred for physically demanding jobs, such as herding or hunting. Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don’t like, such as barking, chewing, and digging. Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility.
Potential For Playfulness
Some dogs are perpetual puppies — always begging for a game — while others are more serious and sedate. Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog.
The Schipperke is an old breed that was developed in Belgium. He has often been erroneously called a “Dutch Dog,” but the breed is not associated with Holland in any way.
The Schipperke is believed to be descended from a black sheepdog called a Leauvenaar, the same breed credited with being the foundation dog for the Groenendael (the Belgian Sheepdog). While the Groenendael was developed to be a herding breed, the Schipperke was developed to be a small watchdog. They were often seen guarding the boats that plied the canals between Brussels and Antwerp.
The Schipperke has the distinction of having one of the first “specialty shows.” This show took place in 1690, when members of the shoemakers guild were invited to display their Schipperkes and their hammered brass collars, which were a custom at the time, in the Grand Place of Brussels.
Originally known as the Spitske or Spits, the Schipperke was given its current name when the breed club was formed in 188The word Schipperke may mean “little shepherd” or “little captain,” either of which would be appropriate given this breed’s heritage.
The Schipperke became a fashionable pet after Queen Marie Henriette saw one at a Brussels dog show in 188The popularity of the breed grew and the Schipperke was eventually imported to the United States in 1888.
The first United States specialty club for the Schipperke was formed in 1905, but the official breed club, the Schipperke Club of America, was not founded until 1929.
Today, the Schipperke is loved for his cleverness, devotion, and versatility, as well as his sly sense of humor. He ranks 82nd among the 15breeds and varieties recognized by the American Kennel Club.
Male Schipperkes are 1to 1inches tall at the shoulder and weigh 1to 1pounds; females are to 1inches and weigh 1to 1pounds.
Recommended daily amount: 1/to 7/cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals.
How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don’t all need the same amount of food. It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you’ll need to shake into your dog’s bowl.
Schipperkes like to eat and can easily become overweight. Keep your Schipperke in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time.
If you’re unsure whether he’s overweight, give him the eye test and the hands-on test. First, look down at him. You should be able to see a waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, with the fingers spread downward. You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without having to press hard. If you can’t, he needs less food and more exercise.
For more on feeding your Schipperke, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog.
Coat Color And Grooming
At times it seems as if a mad fashion designer created the Schipperke. He has a distinctive coat with a unique silhouette, giving the appearance of a slope that runs from the shoulders to the croup (the end of the back).
The double coat, which comes only in basic black, is short on the face, ears, and front of the legs and of medium length on the body, with longer hair in the following areas. Behind the ears, the longer hair forms a ruff around the neck. Extending beyond the ruff, an additional layer creates what’s called the cape. The longer hair across the chest and down between the front of the legs is known as the jabot. The coat on the backs of the thighs forms culottes, which are as long as the ruff. A short, dense undercoat protects the Schipperke from temperature extremes.
Grooming a Schipperke is simple. Weekly brushing will help keep the fur from flying around your house, although some fuzz will always be around. He’ll shed heavily, known as blowing coat, once and sometimes twice a year. During that time, a warm bath will help loosen and remove the dead hair. It takes about a month for the shedding process to be complete.
The Schipperke is a clean dog with little odor. Bathe only as needed, usually after he’s rolled in something stinky.
Other grooming needs include dental hygiene and nail care. Brush your Schipperke’s teeth at least two or three times a week to remove tartar buildup and the accompanying bacteria. Daily is better.
Trim his nails once or twice a month, as needed. If you can hear the nail clicking on the floor, they’re too long. Short nails keep the feet in good condition and won’t scratch your legs when your Schipperke jumps up to greet you.
Begin accustoming your Schipperke to being brushed and examined when he’s a puppy. Handle his paws frequently — dogs are touchy about their feet — and look inside his mouth and ears.
Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you’ll lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and other handling when he’s an adult.
Children And Other Pets
Sturdy and energetic, Schipperkes can be loyal and affectionate companions to children. They generally get along well with children of all ages, playing gently and kindly with younger ones.
Always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Teach your child never to approach any dog while he’s sleeping or eating or to try to take the dog’s food away. No dog, no matter how good-natured, should ever be left unsupervised with a child.
The Schipperke generally does very well with cats who share his home. This acceptance is stronger if the Schipperke has been raised with cats. He can also get along with other dogs if he’s raised with them, but it’s important to realize that the breed is territorial and will defend its property from unknown dogs as well as people.
Schipperkes are sometimes acquired without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one, and these dogs often end up in the care of rescue groups, in need of adoption or fostering. Other Schipperkes end up in rescue because their owners have divorced or died. If you’re interested in adopting an adult Schipperke who’s already gone through the destructive puppy stage and may already be trained, a rescue group is a good place to start.
Applying environmental psychology in office spaces and establishments such as healthcare facilities may require the services of an expert. But for your condominium, you can use simple tips in choosing the right colors, furniture and décor to influence your feelings and actions.
A study released by Hankuk Academy of Foreign Studies in South Korea suggests that consumers choose luxury items to project high status. The findings reveal that people are ready to pay a premium for luxury brands even when offered a cheaper identical option. How does a feeling of high status impact a person’s perception? Researchers say high-status people feel more pride than their low-status counterparts. They are more confident about their decisions and life prospects.
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First of all thanks for reading my article to the end! I hope you find my reviews listed here useful and that it allows you to make a proper comparison of what is best to fit your needs and budget. Don’t be afraid to try more than one product if your first pick doesn’t do the trick.
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