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Home tools Buyer's Guides from tech enthusiast who loves technology and clever solutions for better living.
Home tools Buyer's Guides from tech enthusiast who loves technology and clever solutions for better living.
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Top Of The Best Damper Hooks Reviewed In 2018Last Updated January 1, 2019
№1 – Metal Fireplace Damper Pull with Solid Brass Handle
№2 – Minuteman International DMP-04 Wrought Iron Damper Pull
№3 – Damper Hook for Fireplace Solid Brass by Upper Deck
Widthwise, some models are too narrow to accommodate a full rack of ribs or a large brisket or pork loin roast, meaning the meat might have to be halved or trimmed to fit.
Even though propane smokers are modestly priced, you still want to get your money’s worth.
Pimp your gas smoker
Owners complain about cheap construction, but when they look at the price tag, I don’t get their complaint. If you want high quality construction, great food, and set it and forget it ease, buy a pellet smoker. You can take steps to improve these cheapo smokers by putting a gasket inside the doors, sealing leaks, and replacing the thermometer. But it really isn’t necessary and it could work against you. Most of them run hot, you might make it run hotter by sealing it. Here’s an article with some links that can help you tighten up your gasser.
Turn down the heat. Most of the models I have played with tend to run hot, in the 250 to 275°F range on the lowest setting. I think ideal temperature for low slow smoking is 225°F, but most meats will be just fine at the higher temp. Not ideal, but not bad. If you want to drive down the temperature a bit, try ice in the water pan or leaving the door slightly ajar. This wastes fuel, but should do the job.
Water supply. Most come with a small water pan. I jury rigged a larger pan so I don’t have to keep filling it and to help stabilize temp. One reader installed a copper water pipe on the outside side with a tank to feed the pan.
Install a better thermometer. Some of the cheapest worst thermometers I’ve ever seen are installed in these inexpensive unites. Remove it and install a good digital thermometer probe.
Buy a cover. They don’t come with a cover and the paint jobs are usually not baked on, so use a cover to prevent rust.
Buy rib racks. These smokers are small, so you will want to buy at least two rib racks in order to pack in enough to feed all the people who will come sniffin’ around.
Some gas grill owners find it hard to dial the temperature down to 225°F. So they go looking for solutions. Some want to reduce the amount of gas, a method that can work, but it must be done properly and is potentially dangerous. I do not recommend this technique, but I publish it here just to give the you an idea of what is involved and with the hopes of discouraging a common mistake or two. Remember, fiddling with the gas supply system could create an explosion or fire resulting in death and destruction of your home. I strongly recommend that you use a professional if you wish to modify the factory setup. Your local LP gas company will be glad to help for a fee.
The gray saucer shaped regulator is specifically matched with your smoker, so if something is wrong with it or the hose, don’t fiddle with it, just get the numbers off it and buy a new one of the exact same kind. No substitutions. It must match. The regulator is like a carburetor on a car. It is tuned for the pressure of the tank or natural gas supply, the needs of the grill, and it mixes in the correct amount of air. You can’t just replace an automobile carburetor with any old carburetor. Experts tell me that the popular adjustable red regulator people buy on the internet is designed for high pressure gas sources and should not be used. If you use a high pressure regulator on a low pressure burner it can blow the seals from the valves and possibly explode. A low pressure regulator on a high pressure burner will produce a flame about the size of a kitchen match.
Bruce Swiecicki, Senior Technical Advisor of the National Propane Association says “You might be able to control the flame by turning the cylinder valve, but the flame may be unsteady. I don’t know of any safety issues to look out for by doing this.”
One expert says the best approach is to limit the volume of gas with a brass needle valve between the regulator and the burner like the one shown here. With a small valve after the regulator you can restrict the amount of gas going into the burner. It would still have the correct pressure but there would not be as much flow. Even though there are no marks on the valve, 1/turn knocks it back 15°F.
I asked Dr. Blonder about this kluge and he explained that “After installing the needle valve, the air to gas mixture is no longer the same. The amount of air depends on how quickly the gas is moving through the system because the gas pulls air in. So you will have to adjust the air mix by playing with the venturi. Looking for a nice clean blue to clear flame. Not yellow.”
Whole House Humidifier Maintenance Tips
Benefits of Whole House Humidifiers Over Single Room and Small Portable Humidifiers
Features of Whole House Humidifiers To Consider Before Purchasing
We already looked at the different types of humidifiers, but even within those types, there are variations. Below are the primary features to consider when making your choice.
Square Feet Covered
Even humidifiers that use your HVAC system will have their limits, as the humidifier can only produce so much at a time. It is important that you check the square feet covered before you buy and compare it to your home. If your home has high ceilings or an open floor plan, you may need a humidifier that can cover more square feet than your home actually has.
You can take a look here
First up in our look at these whole house humidifiers is a consistent best seller from the industry heavyweight Aprilaire. This manufacturer was the first to roll out flow-through evaporative humidifiers onto the market.
The 700 is a whole house evaporative humidifier that is good for leveling out the humidity in houses up to 4,200 square feet. Even if you have a large home, the 700 has you covered.
With an evaporative rate of 0.7gallons per hour (GPH), the Aprilaire 700 will deliver up to 50% more moisture into the air than its closest competitor. The reservoir is a generous 1gallons.
Despite packing all this power, the unit is surprisingly compact. It measures 1x 1x 1inches and tips the scales at less than 1pounds.
This humidifier doesn’t come with an installation kit. If you are highly experienced with DIY, you should be okay on this front. For anyone not so confident, factor in whole house humidifier installation cost.
You can control the amount of humidification precisely using the nifty digital controls. Readings are clearly displayed on an LED screen. Settings can be tweaked between whisper, medium, or high. This is a great way to avoid any buzzing or humming disturbing your sleep.
The last thing most people want when buying a dehumidifier is regular and troublesome maintenance. An annual service is all you’ll need with the Aprilaire 700. Look after it and it will last for years.
Some humidifiers will only run properly with distilled water. While this will extend the life of your appliance and ensure that no minerals are belched into the atmosphere, it can be costly. With the 700, you can opt for hot or cold water, distilled or even harder water without a problem. This whole house humidifier even works with well water. This flexibility is a nice touch.
Health Concerns with Whole House Humidifiers
Overall, humidifiers provide amazing health benefits, but if they are not used properly, they can cause health problems. Proper maintenance of your system ensures that it remains healthy for everyone in the home. Also, you need to take care to choose the correct system for you. Below are some things to keep in mind so you can negate any health concerns you have regarding a whole house humidifier.
Whole House Humidifier Brands
There are many whole house humidifier brands on the market, but many of these companies are not well-known. As a result, you can feel reluctant to trust them. With that said, there are a few brands that have built their reputation over the years by offering excellent products, quality service, and dependable warrantees. Below are three whole house humidifier brands you can always trust.
Aprilaire This brand isn’t one that most people have heard of, mostly because it knows its niche—home air care solutions—and sticks to it. Their biggest product line is their whole house humidifiers, so you know that you are getting the best when you purchase one. However, they offer a variety of products to help you improve the air in your home. Some other items they sell include: temperature control, purification, ventilation, and dehumidification solutions. And if you have a smart home or want to switch yours over to being one, they even offer items that are smart home compatible.
Holmes also offers home air care solutions, but they are more of a household name. This is mainly because most homes have at least one heater or fan in their home made by Holmes. Found at most any store, you can easily locate Holmes products. They do not offer a significant selection of whole house humidifiers, but those they do offer are solid products backed by their comprehensive warrantees. At the moment, they are experimenting with smart home options, though these have yet to reach their whole house humidifiers.
Out of the names on this list, Honeywell is the one you likely know best. This is because they offer a wide variety of products and do not restrict themselves to just home air care solutions. You might expect this would result in lower quality products, that the company is spread too thin, but in truth, each division offers amazing products that last—including their humidifier division. And since it is a large company, it has the resources to stand behind all its products with confidence-inspiring warrantees.
To figure out which is the best whole house humidifier for you, you first need to decide the general type of humidifier you are interested in. There are five primary types of whole house humidifiers.
This type is cheap and easy to install if you are looking to go DIY. These are placed on the cold air return line. The motor pulls cold water from the drum and forces it into the system, allowing the natural process of evaporation to turn it into a mist that can then be forced through your HVAC system and into the air of your home. Compared to other types, these are high maintenance, as you must frequently clean the drum to ensure no mold grows, and you must also replace the belt quite frequently.
Flow Through Humidifiers
This type of humidifier offers greater flexibility, as you can install them on the return or supply line. Like the drum type of humidifier, they use evaporation to work. However, they do not use the drum, so there is no standing water. This helps to cut down on the maintenance needed, but you still need to perform some to keep it at optimal function. With this type, water flows through a filter and air blows through the filter to force the moisture out. To use this type of humidifier, you need to be able to hook it up to a water line.
Out of the various types of whole house humidifiers on the market, this is the least common. These humidifiers use a transducer to create moisture. Water passes over the transducer as it vibrates, causing the molecules in the water to become excited, resulting in the droplets breaking up into many smaller droplets, which are then injected into your HVAC system and dispersed throughout your home. These models are rather costly and high maintenance as they produce “white dust,” which must be cleaned away frequently.
These humidifiers are sometimes single room, but there are also models that can cover the entire home. All console humidifiers use a tank of water attached to the unit. However, the way they create humidity will vary. Console humidifiers are high maintenance, as you must fill and clean the tank often. Also, you must set them up in an open space to reduce the chance of mold growth and make sure your air moves enough to disperse the moisture throughout your home. Some console humidifiers are portable as well, while others must be installed much like a window or wall unit air conditioner would be.
Whole House Humidifier Installation
Each type of whole house humidifier requires a different approach to installation. As such, you will want to consult your user manual if you choose to go DIY on this. Depending on the model, installation may be quite simple or complex enough that a professional is needed. Below is a general installation guide, however, double check it with your user manual before you get to work to avoid damaging your product or voiding the warrantee.
Water Smoker vs Dry Heat Smoker
Water smoker means that there is a water pan between the source of fire and the heating chamber. The purpose of the water pan is to offer a cool cooking environment that will produce a juicy, tender product.
The water pan also regulates heat thus keeping temperatures inside the smoker at an even level.
Dry heat smokers are stick burners which do not have water pans. Some gourmets argue that dry heat smokers produce better bark. There is presently no conclusive evidence to show if that is the case.
Take a look at the new Fastrac 8000.
Early models included 315and 3185, with Perkins 1000-Series and Cummins B5.engines, respectively, plus Autoshift 5by 1transmission with 65kph (40mph) capability. Compared to the 100-Series, a triple link front suspension system meant turning circle was reduced to within a county boundary.
Anti-lock brakes followed in 2001, and a year later, Cummins QSB5.power upped the ante, seeing 3190 and 3220 models arrive. A larger QSB6.arrived in 2006, and with common rail injection provided 198hp and 230hp for the 3200 and 3230.
Smoothshift 5by 1transmission and Plus specification arrived too – the latter with electronic spool valves.
Take a look at Mercedes’ Unimog, offering similar transport capabilities with 90kph top speed and 40 tonne maximum gross train weight.
The front end also gets an anti-roll bar.
It is no surprise the complex nature of full suspension means there are a lot of shafts and linkages within the Fastrac chassis, so you will need to get underneath and give everything a thorough inspection, looking for wear, lack of grease and general well-being.
Outboard disc brakes with ABS provide the stopping power through an air over hydraulic system. But be aware there are different caliper set-ups according to specification, which affords different levels of durability.
As standard, 3200 models get single calipers and a nine-tonne GVW, while 3220 models get twin calipers and a higher 12-tonne GVW. Twin calipers were an option on 3200 models.
Beware of brakes sticking, or driving with the handbrake on, as users suggest you can start a fire pretty quickly as a result.
Those using their Fastracs mostly for trailer work will find the Dromone hitch up to the task, but keep a watchful eye on hook wear and linkages.
Plus model’s electronic Bosch spools suffer with condensation affecting each valve’s circuit board. There is no cure and replacement is costly, so look for error codes.
Rear PTO system is run directly off the gearbox, and as such, a front PTO can be easily retro-fitted using shaft drives. Speeds are 540rpm and 1,000rpm.
Zuidberg bolt-on front linkage can be fitted too, and was available as an option.
Rear axle security is afforded by a V-link which sits on the diff casing, extending forward to the chassis. It uses a large ball socket to enable oscillation and its rubber seals can deteriorate, allowing dirt and grit to enter the ball and socket.
A seal kit is available, but by the time most operators have noticed the axle movement, the ball will be worn to the point where a new V-link is required.
Understand Your Vehicle
Your truck has a number of key systems that play a role off-road. It’s important to understand them, and what they do.
Traction Control: Most modern 4xvehicles will have some level of traction control. Depending on what conditions the vehicle was designed to conquer, it could have a simple on/off setting, or a complex system with multiple settings programmed for different traction situations. No matter the system, traction control uses either the brakes and/or the 4xmechanicals to limit wheel slip and ensuring torque is being transferred from the tire to the trail. “Traction control tells the onboard computer how to monitor wheel spin and it will brake accordingly to keep the vehicle moving forward,” adds Clay Croft, Creator and Expedition Leader of Expedition Overland. Since there are so many kinds of traction control systems, we encourage you to read up on yours and its many settings in your owner’s manual.
4WD High vs. 4WD Low: Low and High speeds refer to the gearing of your transfer case. 4WD High is what you drive around in day to day. It allows for better top-end speed but lower torque to the wheels when stopped. When you go to 4WD Low, you have more torque on low-end speeds, but your top speed is maxed out pretty quickly. “In short: when you need a lot of low-end power at low speeds on the trail, go to 4WD Low,” Croft says. “When you need to travel fast and keep momentum, you need to be in 4WD High.”
Locking Differentials: A locking differential essentially locks the turning of the left and right wheel together. In normal on-road driving, the wheel on the inside of a corner turns more slowly, as it travels less distance than the outside. In this instance, you’d want the wheels to turn at different speeds. In an all-wheel-drive system, the computer is constantly making adjustments, shifting power to where it’s needed most. On the trail, however, this inconsistent speed between the left and right sides can lead to a loss of traction, as the power will go to the wheel with the least resistance — often the wheel that’s slipping or not getting traction. That’s why you want the ability to go full-time 4xDoing this forces both wheels to spin at the same rate, ensuring the power remains with the wheel with the most traction. In the old days you had to get out and manually lock the hubs, but most new 4x4s allow you to lock the differentials using just a button push. “If you can buy a vehicle with a factory locker in it, you are ahead of the game as a novice getting into this world,” said Croft. “Being able to get into a vehicle that has a locking differential in it is a huge plus for the off-road capability of that vehicle.”
Be Fully Aware of What You’re in For
Airing Down: The best off-roaders — the people who get into places where other people can’t go — understand how to maintain traction. One quick way to help maintain traction is to air down your tires to around 20 to 2psi. Airing down your tires increases the overall length of the tire tread in contact with the ground by 80 percent. Not only does airing down increase the traction patch, it also allows the rubber to transform to the shape of the ground, giving you more bite into whatever surface you’re dealing with. That pertains to rocks, particularly, as well as mud and other slippery surfaces. When you get into tricky surfaces like very deep mud or snow, lengthening the tread by airing down increases your float — the ability for your vehicle to sit on top of the surface, versus digging down and just getting stuck.
Activating Lockers: Remember that locking the differentials is critical to traction in slippery conditions — it essentially forces both wheels to turn at the same rate.
This is the best sustain pedal I have ever used in decades of being a pro keyboard player. The use of a rubber pad on which your heel rests is such a simple…Read complete review
This is the best sustain pedal I have ever used in decades of being a pro keyboard player. The use of a rubber pad on which your heel rests is such a simple and effective design to eliminate pedal slip that it is brilliant. Well-constructed, no mechanical noise, smooth operation, long cable, works well on my Nord and Yamaha Motif (including 1/2-dampening). Easily worth the extra expense (I now have one for each keyboard).
Not for me
This pedal would not work with my Korg SVor the Arturia keyboard. Although the Korg has the ability to set polarity via pedal configuration, it still wouldn’t work for me. Maybe a…Read complete review
This pedal would not work with my Korg SVor the Arturia keyboard. Although the Korg has the ability to set polarity via pedal configuration, it still wouldn’t work for me. Maybe a defective pedal for all I know. I found the pedal to be noisy (a scraping sound when in action).
Dyna-Glo DGO1176BDC-D Vertical Offset Charcoal Smoker
The Dyna-Glo is a vertical offset smoker that’s made from a heavy gauge, powder-coated steel that can smoke up to 150lbs of food at once. The vertical design is a little different to standard offset smokers but it works very well. The smoke from the offset firebox is easily drawn into the cooking chamber and flows fairly evenly over all the racks. This almost completely eliminates one of the biggest problems with cheap offset smokers, the uneven cooking. The build is good, it leaks little smoke compared to other models and feels solid. It even has some heavy duty handles for easy manoeuvrability.
Other features include
The main problems of the Dyna-Glo are the assembly and some smoke leakage. It took us quite a while to put it together and even when we were finished there were a few misaligned parts. Maybe we’re just not very good at assembling smokers. We assume that the tough assembly led to the second problem, which was smoke leakage. It wasn’t awful but it was noticeable. Comparing it to one of the higher end models and the different is huge.
Char-Griller Smokin Pro 122Offset Smoker
If, for some reason, you don’t like the Dyna-Glo then the Char-Griller Smokin Pro is a decent alternative. It’s more of a traditional offset smoker that uses a horizontal drum as the main cooking chamber. A nice feature of the Smokin Pro is that the side fire box can be taken off and used as a dedicated table top grill. It uses good quality, powder-coated steel and a cooking area of 830 square inches when including the side box. It has removable charcoal draws that allows you to add charcoal and dump ashes easily. This is a nice feature and does make cooking and cleaning a lot simpler.
Pit Barrel Cooker
Whilst the Pit Barrel Cooker isn’t technically an offset smoker it does cook in a very similar way to a vertical offset smoker. The smoke and heat are produced away from the grill and the heat rises, so we’re going to count it for what we’re doing.
We have a full Pit Barrel Cooker Review here, where we take an in depth look at one of the best smokers you can buy.
The Oklahoma Joe’s Highland model of offset smoker is one of the cheapest reverse flow smokers that you can buy. The fact that it is a reverse flow smoker means that you automatically get a better quality of smoker that give you much more even and consistent smoking results. The Highland model has a total of 900 square inches of cooking space when you include the firebox chamber. It uses a series of four baffles to help guide the heat and smoke through the main chamber. These baffles are all removable and allow you to fully customize your setup to how you like best. The smoker as a whole is fairly simple to use and once you’ve done a bit of experimenting with the set up of the baffles you’ll be ready to produce some of the best BBQ you’ve ever tasted.
How to Make the Most of Your Offset Smoker
Offset smokers are never truly set it and forget it, they will always take a bit of tending to to ensure they are always cooking at optimal settings. We’ll go over a few quick tips to get you making the most of your offset smoker.
Background to the Porsche Cayenne
Shared components of the Volkswagen-Porsche SUV would include the bodyshell, ventilation systems and body control modules, but engines, suspension tuning, styling and interior fit and finish would be developed by brand-specific product teams.
When Volkswagen took Touareg assembly to Eastern Europe for cost effectiveness, Porsche opened its chequebook, constructing an all-new manufacturing and development facility in Leipzig, to convince buyers that this was indeed a worthy addition to the Porsche model line up. The Porsche Cayenne would be built only in Germany.
Cayenne’s unfussy interior offers a comfortable environment. Materials are durable, though rubberised soft-touch switch coatings can deteriorate. The leather-trimmed dash is a luxurious option worth having. All switches are signals to control ECUs, hence the turn-on delays. Short horn beeps are impossible!
Heated memory seats, electric swing-away steering column and the multifunction steering wheel are good options: steering wheel light switch is cool. Despite the PCM’s telephone pad, Bluetooth and iPod integration is not standard: aftermarket options offer both, along with postcode navigation. Many PCM units have now been replaced. Bose hi-fi is not super essential.
The standard sunroof is small and drains can leak into the cabin, causing electrical damage to components in the thickly insulated floor. The panoramic sunroof is a nice option but adds quite a bit of weight and complexity. Only non-sunroof is risk free, but see “what to watch” on washer pipes.
Developed specifically for the Porsche Cayenne and built in Zuffenhausen, the now superseded all-Porsche Vengine is compact – less than 600mm long – and powerful, with a mega-flat torque curve offering 420 Nm all the way from 2,200 rpm to 5,500 rpm.
A three-pump oil system is designed to work on inclines of 100 percent. Sit the car on the tailgate and the engine will keep running: try that in your Range Rover. The closed-deck engine block features additional cast iron bottom-end bearing seats developed for the 928, which also make the engine smoother and quieter.
Both manual and automatic transmissions are available. While the manual may seem attractive to enjoy the V8, the third pedal crowds the footwell, clutch action is heavy and the shift is laboured. Clutch replacement is pricey and manual transmission saves little overall weight.
The Porsche Cayenne’s Aisin Warner automatic gearbox (above) is also found on the Volkswagen Touareg and Audi Q7, but Porsche’s Tiptronic system brings it fully to life. With manual gearshift available from the shift lever or steering wheel buttons, Tiptronic is the perfect transmission for a VCayenne.
Drivetrain is where Cayenne sits apart from the crowd. Unlike its 50/50-split competitors, two-thirds of engine power goes to the rear axle: a positive contribution to overall feel. Switch off the nannying PSM for harder revs and maximum smiles per mile.
Suspension & Brakes
First-gen Cayenne comes with a choice of steel springs or air suspension. Air suspension gives a comfortable ride, and variable ride heights to help high speed or off-road use, but the coil-sprung option is less complicated and comfortable enough when twinned with 18” wheels. I find most people cannot tell the difference between air and steel suspension on sensible wheels and tyres. Cayennes running big wheels with low profile tyres have a harsher ride, not to mention bigger tyre bills.
Air suspension comes with multiple warning lights and air cars need to be put into service mode before jacking up, or the system could keep pressurising the affected corner to the point that the airbag explodes. Pressure relief under the bonnet needs doing quickly. The air compressor in the boot makes it harder to squeeze an LPG tank in: steel sprung cars may be better suited to LPG conversion.
The main reason why the Black & Decker BDERO100 Random Sander is so popular is its user-friendly design. The three most important features are its relatively low weight, comfortable handle, and adaptive damper system. These make the BDERO100 a random orbit sander that is very easy to handle and use.
Most of us are familiar with the submersible pumps that sit inside an external water container, such as an Aquaroll and pump the water on board. They use a small 12-volt motor to drive an impellor at high speed, forcing the water through the delivery pipe and into the caravan.
Being submerged, these pumps do not need priming (filling with water first) and most are self-venting, so any air trapped inside can escape through a hole in the top. If not, then shaking the submerged pump for a few seconds can help.
Submersible pumps from Truma and Whale
Before submersible pumps became popular, you had to move water by manually-operated, self-priming pumps. The manual pumps used the suction to lift the water and manufacturers put them inside the caravan. Perhaps the most famous of them is the Whale Tiptoe pump. The pump sat in the floor of the caravan and you operated it by foot. When finished, the mushroom-shaped plunger locked down flush to the floor with a twist. (Remember those?)
The pump consists of three or four chambers, each with its own inlet and outlet valves. A large rubber diaphragm pulses across the chambers sucking water into each one and then expelling it.
The water cannot run back through the pump as the valves prevent it so this type of pump can deliver good pressures at low flow rates.
Switching the pump
You can switch pumps on and off in one of two ways, both of which have waxed and waned in their popularity over the years.
The simplest solution is to build switches into each tap. Of necessity, the switches need to be small and so the makers use microswitches. In time the constant switching of the pump current (2-amps) can cause microswitches to fail. If this happens, a workaround is to go to another tap and turn it on just enough for its microswitch to operate.
The other method of pump control is to use pressure switching. In the case of a submersible pump, you will find a pressure switch just inside the caravan or within the water inlet socket. As the pressure rises when you turn a tap off, the switch operates, turning the pump off. The system then holds the pressure between the closed tap and the pressure switch, which acts as a non-return valve.
Since water is non-compressible, you may be wondering how pressure switching can work. The answer lies in having some air in the system that can absorb and store the pressure. A pump most commonly achieves this using a small. This works a bit like an upside-down bottle with its neck connected to the delivery side of the pump. As the pressure increases, the pump forces water into the vessel, compressing the air above it.
A Whale pressure switch and damper installed in a 201Lunar Clubman
Diaphragm pumps are much less susceptible to pressure variations with voltage. For this reason, it is quite common for a pressure switch to be built into the pump as the preferred means of switching.
Water heaters for touring caravans are dual-fuel with a capability of using mains electricity or LPG or, quite often, both at once for faster heating.
There are two types – ones that just heat water, and combined units that also provide space heating.
Most Ultrastore heaters have a water capacity of litres, although a 14-litre version is available. Early models had an element of just 450 watts and took 70 minutes to heat up on electricity only. Over the years Truma upped the power in stages. It now comes with a switchable 850/1300 watt element, reducing the time to 2minutes, or just 1minutes if you use gas too.
Whale entered the water heater market in 200with an upgraded version of the Propex Malaga water heater, to which it had bought the rights. With an electric element switchable between 600 and 1200 watts and a 13-litre food grade tank, the heater set new standards for performance and efficiency.
Single submersible pump
Here is a simple pressure-switched system using a submersible pump. The pressure switch acts as a one-way valve keeping the pressure in the system when the pump switches off. The other one-way valve prevents warm water from the heater getting into the cold supply. This arrangement can be found on many Lunar caravans.
Microswitched systems dispense with the pressure switch and accumulators. A one-way valve can stop water draining back into the container.
Diaphragm pumps act as their own one-way valves and often contain a pressure switch. This arrangement can be found on many Swift Group caravans.
With fitted on-board tanks, water systems can become quite complex. This is one of the simpler arrangements. The selector chooses between the two water sources, the isolator opens to fill the on-board the tank. The downside is that you have to manually operate the valves to fill and then use the on-board tank.
This ‘two pump, twin inlet socket’ arrangement is very user-friendly. You will find it on Swift Group caravans from 201where they fitted an on-board tank. The tank can be easily topped up by switching the external pump on and off.
Intelligent pressure switches
These clever pieces of electronics do away with the need to adjust the pressure switch on systems powered by submersible pumps. If you have such a caravan and only ever use it with a mains hook-up, this may not be an issue, but these devices have another trick up their sleeves. They know when the pump has run dry and will switch it off.
Courtesy the Manufacturers
Many people think fuel injection is akin to the dark arts, like Voodoo or something, but it’s not really that scary if you understand the basics of how an electronic fuel injection (EFI) system works. Without sounding like geeks in white lab coats, EFI is, essentially, a more precise way to control the fuel requirements of an engine. Where a carburetor is sized to an engine by its cfm rating and certain sized fuel jets are used to control fuel flow to the engine, EFI does the same thing via the cfm rating of its inlet, called a throttle body, and by the EFI’s fuel injectors. Think of the injectors as an electronic version of a carb jet, only they can vary in size, making the EFI system more precise for the engine’s fuel demands.
While we’re over simplifying the typical EFI system here, we’re just trying to help those who feel EFI is out of their range of comprehension by doing exactly that, keeping it simple. A whole separate story could be written on EFI theory (frankly whole books have been written on it) and if we really wanted to scare you we could talk about building, literally, with a circuit board and soldering iron, your own EFI computer. But that’s not what we want to do. We want to put your mind at ease when it comes to EFI systems, which is why we’re going to concentrate on easy-to-install, complete EFI conversion kits only for this buyer’s guide.
ACCEL has made a name for itself over the years with its custom programmable EFI system called Digital Fuel Injection (DFI). Now in its seventh generation, the Gen DFI is a very capable and customizable speed density-based engine management system. The Gen DFI electronics allow batch and sequential fire port injection and throttle body injection with individual cylinder control, along with coil-on-plug, coil pack, or single coil ignition setups. Many advanced features include boost controls, nitrous controls, two-step rev limiting, and more-all through an easy-to-use graphic interface software you install on your laptop. ACCEL’s latest engine management, the Thruster EFI, offers plenty of user adjustable tuning features and is the backbone of its new engine builder plug-and-play packages.
Ford 289/302, 351W, and 351C small-block, 429/460 and FE big-block, 4.6L DOHC modular
If there’s one induction setup that stops people in their tracks, it’s an eight-stack system. From Shelby Cobras to altered-wheelbase race cars of the ’60s, stacks told people you meant business-and they just looked cool! Problem was you were essentially running four two-barrel carburetors. If you think tuning one carb can be a hassle, try getting all of those carbs to play nice with each other. Today, you can have the sweetest looking engine in town with the efficiency of EFI. Inglese, a name synonymous with eight-stack induction, is now part of the Comp Performance Group (Comp Cams, FAST, RHS, ZEX, and others). Working with its sister company, FAST, Inglese was able to build a simple-to-install EFI system using the FAST EZ-EFI electronics with special EFI throttle bodies that look just like the old-school Weber carbs. So now you can have your cake and eat it too!
So far the EFI systems we’ve reviewed here have been speed density based, meaning they calculate the fuel demand via engine speed and manifold absolute pressure. Where Mass-Flo EFI differs (though the name kind of gives it away) is that it uses a mass air meter just like the OE systems on your late-model Mustang or daily driver to calculate engine load. This makes your EFI system much more flexible and can “see” engine changes such as cam swaps, head porting, and more. There’s no handheld controller or laptop connection because none is needed. Mass-Flo EFI also bucks the trend of using Bosh or GM sensors and actually uses Ford sensors. OE parts you can get service replacements as close as your nearest parts store. The OE Ford ECM that drives your late-model Mustang is similar to what Mass-Flo uses for OE reliability, and if you really want to, you can custom tune the ECM via any reputable Ford chip tuner. Multi-port injection, OE sensors, mass air meter calculation, and even a retro look are part of Mass-Flo’s EFI packages.
Low-cost performance intake manifolds, both for carbureted and EFI applications, have been Professional Products’ claim to fame from the onset of the company. Over the years, Professional Products has expanded its line of hardware to include dampers, distributors, fuel system components, and more. The Powerjection EFI systems come in two flavors: Powerjection II is a multi-port system on a carbureted type manifold, while Powerjection III is a unique throttle body system that, at first glance, looks like your typical performance carburetor. Either system will work with a traditional air cleaner assembly for that stealth/retro look many classic car owners are looking for. Both Powerjection systems feature a self tuning Stage ECM and a wideband Osensor with easy install exhaust clamp assembly (no welding required).
750-cfm cast throttle body, 62-lb/hr fuel injectors, wiring harness, ECM, and wideband Osensor
Fuel pump, fuel filter, fuel pressure regulator, and fittings (supplied in complete kit only)
Saving time and effort, the XXL Dough Hook Attachment is designed for use with your Magimix Cook Expert.
Making pasta dough, a variety of favourite bread dough, scone and damper mix and many more of your favourites, this stainless steel hook features arms turned to the perfect angle to work, turn and blend your dough.
Arrow Precision make a wide range of crossbows and accessories, including crossbows, scopes, arrows, crossbow cases, cocking devices, wax, quivers and replacement parts: limbs and strings
There well know crossbow range known as Inferno Crossbows have included well-made crossbows models by the names of Scorch, Flame, Firestorm, Wildfire, Blaze, Hellfire, Blitz, Heat and Fury (very fire related!) They have 1crossbow models in all suitable for beginners up to experienced shooters and a range of crossbows for youths as well.
Their crossbows have good safety features, like the thumb guard and an anti-dry fire trigger mechanism.
Overall the crossbows are well made and affordable, sitting at the cheaper end of the market
Two stainless steel burners put out 26,500 BTU-per-hour
Porcelain-enameled, cast-iron cooking grates and porcelain-enameled Flavorizer bars, Electronic Crossover ignition system starts with the push of a button
Assembled dimensions with the lid open 6x 60 x 3Inches
Primary cooking area: 360 Square inches, Warming rack area: 90 Square inches and Total cooking area: 450 Square inches
Camp Chef Woodwind Pellet Grill is great option to make barbecue in your home patio. This is wood fired barbecue grill and comes with latest technology. Camp Chef Woodwind is very easy to control even beginner. Only thing you have to do turn ON the grill and set the temperature. Camp chef woodwind fueled by premium hardwood pellets. Very commonly, wood fired grill offers extra delicious to foods. You can set the temperature of this grill between 160° F to 500° F for better grilling result. Woodwind grill ideal for grilling, smoking, baking, roasting, braising, barbecuing, or even searing.
First of all thanks for reading my article to the end! I hope you find my reviews listed here useful and that it allows you to make a proper comparison of what is best to fit your needs and budget. Don’t be afraid to try more than one product if your first pick doesn’t do the trick.
Most important, have fun and choose your Damper Hooks wisely! Good luck!
So, TOP3 of Damper Hooks
- №1 — Metal Fireplace Damper Pull with Solid Brass Handle
- №2 — Minuteman International DMP-04 Wrought Iron Damper Pull
- №3 — Damper Hook for Fireplace Solid Brass by Upper Deck